Reducing pediatric pain during ED procedures with a nurse-driven protocol: An urban pediatric emergency department's experience

      Recent articles and research have focused on the use of conscious sedation for pediatric patients undergoing painful procedures, such as fracture reduction or extensive laceration repair.
      • Rodriquez E
      • Jordan R.
      Contemporary trends in pediatric sedation and analgesia.
      However, little attention has been paid to alleviating procedural pain associated with routine ED procedures such as intravenous line insertion, phlebotomy, urethral catheterization, and lumbar puncture.
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